Water retention in legs is a common problem and fairly a large number of people suffer from it. Older people are more affected with this condition. In this article, we will read about the causes, symptoms and treatment for water retention in legs…
Fluid or water retention in legs and ankles is known as peripheral edema, which is the swelling of tissues due to excess fluid in the body. The swelling is painless and may affect both legs, calves and even the thighs. Because of the effect of gravity, swelling is particularly visible in the lower extremities of the body. You may want to read on what is edema. Now let’s see cause, symptoms and how to get rid of water retention in legs.
Cause of Water Retention in Legs
There are a number of water retention causes. Click to read on water retention in body.
Standing for an extended period of time or sitting with legs left hanging for prolonged period of time, especially in hot weather, causes excess fluid accumulation in the legs and ankles.
The body tends to be lethargic and is less efficient at removing fluid from tissues during the summers, which often leads to water retention.
Venous insufficiency is caused due to weakened valves in the legs, which causes varicose veins and fluid build up.
Burns cause the skin to retain fluid and swell in response to burn injuries, including sun burns.
A number of women experience edema prior to their menstrual cycle.
Water retention during pregnancy occurs, as the uterus puts pressure on the major blood vessel which returns blood to the heart from the legs. Some hormones can also encourage the body to hold onto excess fluids giving rise to the condition. A more serious condition called preeclampsia, may also give rise to fluid retention during pregnancy. Read on water retention and bloating.
Low protein levels in the blood, which is caused either due to malnutrition, kidney or liver diseases leads to edema in legs, ankles, etc.
Certain medical drugs are known to cause fluid retention.
If the heart is not able to pump blood effectively, the body starts to retain fluid and increase the blood volume. This leads to congestion in the veins, enlargement of the liver and accumulation of fluid.
Chronic lung diseases put excessive pressure on the right ventricle, causing the problem.
Cancerous tumors, which block structures of the lymphatic system, like the lymph nodes, etc.
Hypothyroidism can also lead to fluid retention.
Joints affected by certain types of arthritis tend to swell, due to fluid retention.
Symptoms of Water Retention in Legs
Ache in the affected body parts.
Rapid and sudden weight gain over a period of few days or weeks.
Unexplained weight gain and weight loss cycle, with a lot of fluctuation in weight.
When the skin in the affected area is pressed, the skin may hold the indent made for a few seconds.
Water Retention in Legs – Treatment
The treatment for water retention focuses on correcting the underlying cause of fluid accumulation. Read on cure for water retention.
Low salt diet is often the first of the water retention in legs remedies. Avoiding excessive intake of fluid often also helps in bringing the condition under control.
If, along with water retention and swelling, the person is also short of breath, then the person may be recommended to lie down keeping the legs at an elevated level. This will help in reducing the swelling.
If swollen legs and ankles are caused due to pregnancy, the lady will be asked to place the legs on an elevation which will help in normalizing blood flow and decrease swelling.
Application of warm mustard oil on the affected area is one of the home remedies for water retention in legs.
Soak two teaspoons of mustard seeds in water over night and apply the solution on the affected areas to get rid of water retention.
Apple cider vinegar is also said to be beneficial in treating water retention in legs.
Food low in carbohydrate should be consumed, as carbohydrates are high in water content.
Regular exercise will help you get rid of excessive fluid in body cells.
Smoking and alcohol consumption should be avoided.
For more information, read on
Symptoms and Causes of Water Retention
How to Reduce Water Retention
If you suffer from water retention in legs, it is important you get the problem checked from your health care professional to rule out any serious condition and treat the problem in time.